In 2017 Agnieszka Holland presented Pokot (Spoor) in the Berlinale competition. Based on Nobel laureate Olga Tokarczuk’s book “Drive your plough over the bones of the dead!”, it was a mess. However, it was in part, messy in interesting ways. Even though I didn’t feel that the film worked on any level, I left the screening, pondering over some of the elements in the film. There was nothing there, that prepared me for the 2019 competition entry, Mr Jones, that covers the important, and criminally neglected, topic of the man-made famine in Ukraine, that starved millions of people to death called Holodomor. Whereas Pokot certainly had its weird moments that made me shake my head in disbelief, Mr Jones is a completely different animal, and as we know, some animals are more equal than others.
One of many strange choices in the film is to include George Orwell as a framing device. The first character we meet is, in fact, Orwell (Joseph Mawle) talking about how to find the truth in a mess of lies. Granted, it might be the case that Animal farm arose out of the writer’s disappointment with Stalin’s policies. It’s also a fact that “Mr Jones” are the first words in Animal Farm, but the relationship is still a strained one. First time writer, Andrea Chalupa clearly felt strongly about the subject but didn’t manage to form a cohesive screenplay. She actually wrote a book called Orwell and the refugees: The untold story about Animal Farm. 1Her Grandfather was tortured during the Holdomor but survived and lived to tell his tale, so the story has obvious personal connotations for the writer. A book that I haven’t read.
The first part, set in Moscow wallows in clichés with expat reporters, including NYT writer Walter Duranty (Peter Sarsgaard on autopilot), living a life of debauchery. Duranty is now infamous for denouncing the famine in Ukraine and being one of Stalin’s defenders. With his status as a Pulitzer prize winner, his influence was massive. However, it’s in the part set in Ukraine where the film really sinks into tastelessness that is quite atypical for the director. The depiction of the starvation has its moment of apt horror, but mostly it is overwrought and distancing at the same time. A children’s choir is particularly distasteful.
Holodomor for dummies
In the final section of the film, Gareth Jones is eager to tell about the horrors that he had seen. Duranty who mostly wants to secure his posh position in Moscow becomes his arch-enemy. Again this is a section rife with clichés that wouldn’t be out of place in a Spielberg film. And then Orwell appears once again. Holland also tried to keep things topical at the press conference at the Berlinale when she said that “Stalin made Russia great again”. One of the all-too-many attempts to link current politics to previous horrors.
Anything that sheds a light on this dark time in history is welcome. However, I don’t feel that this is the film that would accomplish that. instead of the usual trailer, here is a clip where Anne Applebaum recounts the real tale. It’s also told in her book Red Famine: Stalin’s war on Ukraine.